How to pick the perfect digital camera for your needs
Choosing the perfect digital camera is quite a simple process depending on the money you have in your pocket. But there are numerous cameras available in the market within the same budget. You need to decide which one actually you want to have in your hand and that’s the complex part here. Here’s a guide to reduce that complexity, to help you pick the right one for you.
First, concentrate on three fundamentals of photography; exposure, aperture and sensitivity. Exposure is how long the shutter is open. Aperture is how wide the shutter is open. Sensitivity is how sensitive the digital sensor to the light.
Then ask yourself a several questions about your requirements.
What kind of photographer you are or you want to be?
What type of subjects you want to shoot?
Do you want to shoot full HD video with your camera?
What about the zooming capability of the camera you want to buy?
Pay attention to every details and research well before buying a camera. Meanwhile go through few general tips to get started.
- Cellphone and Smartphone Cameras
- Compact digital Cameras
- Interchangeable lens cameras
- DSLR Cameras
Cellphone and Smartphone Cameras
If you have a smartphone with good quality camera and you want to take photographs just for fun, you can easily use your phone which is already in your pocket. Huge numbers of smartphones are now available in market with good quality camera. However, if taking pictures is not just fun for you, if you really want to have some quality images, then smartphone is not enough.
Smartphone cameras use tiny image sensors which is the main part of a camera. Bigger sensors are the reason of better quality images. Though the sensors used in most of the compact digital cameras or point & shoot cameras are negligibly larger, still they are superior to mobile cameras.
Let’s take a look at some pros and cons of smartphone cameras.
1. Even though it’s using tiny sensor, you can get quite good photographs for personal use.
2. Easy to carry. Hard to be apart from actually, LOL.
3. By enabling the GPS service you can geotag your photographs.
4. Using uncountable mobile applications you can share, edit, tag and do lot more interesting things immediately after taking the photograph.
1. It’s not a camera actually. So lack of features as compared to most other cameras.
2. Image quality is poor compared to any other camera.
3. Difficult to use other camera accessories.
Compact digital Cameras
In today’s age, Basic Compact digital Cameras are a step above a smartphone camera. Those are the easiest to handle cameras with mostly automatic functions, not for those who wish to operate manually. Image quality with these cameras is perfect for social media sharing. With the highly growing technology these compact digital cameras are in competition with today’s smartphone cameras as mobiles are connected with hundreds of apps and most importantly with internet.
1. Decent quality, often HD video modes that record to easily-uploadable formats.
2. Most point and shoot cameras are very light weight. You do not need extra bags, tripods or other accessories to carry around.
3. All point and shoot cameras come with fixed lenses which is very easy to use.
4. A point-and-shoot camera is always going to be cheaper to purchase and maintain than DSLRs.
1. Due to the smaller size of the camera sensor, the image quality is poorer than of DSLRs.
2. Point and shoot cameras are not upgradable. You cannot change their external flashes, lenses or other most of the accessories.
3. You cannot expect good quality photograph in low light with a compact digital camera.
4. These cameras work in totally automatic mode, you cannot change the aperture, shutter speed or you cannot control focusing manually.
Interchangeable lens cameras
One of the advantages of these types of cameras is that, like the bodies on which they are mounted, they may be made smaller and lighter. For anyone wishing to travel light, a hybrid body with a couple of lenses may prove to be the best solution where image quality is the key.
These cameras also call as EVIL camera where EVIL stands for electronic viewfinder with interchangeable lenses. Also sometimes these are called as mirror-less interchangeable-lens camera.
These types of cameras exist in between Compact or point & shoot cameras and DSLR cameras. Like DSLRs these cameras also have large sensors (sometimes even the same size of that of a DSLR). They provide high quality images and much better manual control unlike the point & shoot cameras.
1. Have almost all the benefits like a low level DSLR camera.
2. Comparatively lighter than DSLRs, easy to carry.
3. Good performance in low-light.
4. Mostly these cameras offer high quality video recording modes with automatic focus.
1. Flashes, viewfinders or other accessories almost always come at an added cost.
2. No proper viewfinder.
3. It won’t fit in your pocket.
4. Use of adapters to add additional lenses results losing automatic focusing capabilities.
If quality is paramount to everything else, you need a DSLR. If you understand, want to learn or want the option of total manual camera operation, you need a DSLR. These cameras offer thousands of control and customization that you’ll practically have no limits on what you can achieve. Let’s take a look on the advantages and disadvantages of DSLR camera.
1. Best quality images with highly programmable features.
2. Complete control over all the technical aspects while still providing both partial and full automatic options.
3. Low light performance is super.
4. Many DSLR camera models offer HD TV quality video recording options.
1. Poor audio quality in video recording modes
2. Video recording has either poor automatic focus capabilities.
3. Size is much larger than other type of cameras and also bit weighty.
4. Price is little high for most of the DSLR models and also its little complex to use.
In the next posts I’ll discuss about some other important equipments of photography.
Thank You for reading.
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