Cropping - Lets Experience

Cropping In Photography

What is cropping in Photography?

Cropping refers to the removal of the outer parts of an image to improve framing, accentuate subject matter or change aspect ratio. Depending on the application, this may be performed on a physical photograph, artwork or film footage, or achieved digitally using image editing software. The term is common to the film, broadcasting, photographic, graphic design and printing industries.
– (Source: Wikipedia)

Here we’ll consider cropping in digital photography. Cropping is widely considered one of the few editing actions permissible in modern photography along with tonal balance, color correction and sharpening. In this article we’ll illustrate some of the effective and powerful cropping techniques you can employ to turn ordinary images into something fantastic.

Why do we need cropping?

Before venturing into the cropping discussion it’s always recommended to keep in mind the below points:

  1. If you have any intention to print your images later on, the “aspect ratio” of your crop should must be compliant with the print size. It’s better to use the standard aspect ratio for your crop (e.g.:- 4:3 / 16:9 / 5:7 etc.)
  2. Avoid over-cropping photos to small areas of the images as it’ll decrease the image resolution. Also if you crop too much all the problems with the image will also get magnified.
  3. Never crop your image permanently; which means you should have the actual uncropped image with you always. Otherwise, at some point of time if you again want to have the actual image back, you won’t get it.
    As long as you are using RAW images and a non-destructive image editor like Adobe Lightroom or Adobe Photoshop Camera RAW, you don’t need to worry about this as it won’t alter the actual RAW file. If you use Photoshop for cropping and you use non-RAW file formats such as JPEG and TIFF, make sure to preserve the original image before saving the cropped image.

Reasons to crop a photograph

Improve composition:

One of the best ways of improving composition is to use the RULE OF THIRDS IN PHOTOGRAPHY. This is covered in detail in Rule of Thirds, but it’s so important in photo composition, we’ve mentioned it here as well. Divide your photo into a 3 x 3 grid and position the main focal points along one or more of the intersecting lines.

Before Cropping :

Cropping - Lets Experience

After Cropping :

Cropping - Lets Experience

Remove distracting elements : 

By cropping you can simply remove the elements of your image those are not important or distracting.

Before Cropping :

Cropping - Lets Experience

After Cropping :

Cropping - Lets Experience

“Zoom in” on a subject :

Zooming closely into a subject can strengthen a focal point. Extreme cropping can highlight fascinating details.


Before Cropping : 

Cropping - Lets Experience

After Cropping : 

Cropping - Lets Experience

Change the aspect ratio for printing :

Many digital cameras will take photos which do not conform to the standard print layouts, 6 x 4, 7 x 5, 10 x 8, etc. Before taking your digital photos to be processed, or printing them yourself, you can crop your photo to one of the set print ratios so it looks exactly how you want it to look once printed.

Focus on the main subject :

Composition and focus often go hand in hand. A good photo should draw the eye to the main subject instantly. If you have a lot of distracting elements in the background of your photo, crop them out.

Change the canvas orientation to better suit the composition :

You may find that a certain orientation suits some photos better than others. If you haven’t allowed for this when taking your photo with your camera, change it with a crop.

Cropping - Lets Experience

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